Is the study of the nervous system. The scope of neuroscience has broadened over time to include different approaches, such as optogenetics, a biological technique to control the activity of neurons or other cell types with light. This is achieved by the expression of light-sensitive ion channels, pumps, or enzymes specifically in the target cells.
Micromanipulation refers to the microscopic-level manipulation of cellular organelles using specific tools that can move an object with high precision. This method is used in several fields, including semiconductors, genetic engineering, in vitro fertilization, cell biology, virology, etc.
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